Recently, the air purifier has gained a lot of prominences and has become one of the most useful electronic devices. The air purifier does a lot of good work to clean the air in the home. Now, this article is perfect for those who know little about air purifiers. We would be treating the different types of air purifiers.
If you don’t know much about an Air Purifier, get a better understanding of Air Purifier and it’s working in our article on How Air Purifier Works?
Before we begin, you have to understand that an air purifier is quite different from a vacuum cleaner. It does more than just clean dust. The air we breathe as humans are filled with a lot of contaminants.
These contaminants are smaller than what the human eye can see. This means it is very much possible to be in a room filled with different contaminant without seeing them.
These contaminants include dust, dander, pollen, gas, chemicals and other particles. All of these contaminants are hazardous to man. These particles may seem very small but an air purifier is powerful enough to eliminate air particles as small as 1/3 of a micron.
Any person suffering from any airborne allergies would find a purifier useful. Perhaps you also live with someone who smokes or you live very close to a manufacturing firm that uses a lot of chemicals. It may constantly leave the air in your room polluted by these contaminants.
However, making use of an air purifier would lead to an impressive reduction in the number of pollutants found in the air. Are you allergic to pets? Did your mom just get a new cat? An air purifier would help you eliminate all the animal dander from the house and you can breathe safely in the same house as the pet.
Types of Air Purifiers
Air purifiers are a lot to understand and grasp. It is very important that you know that there are different types of air purifiers found around the world. These types of air purifiers have been divided into 5 groups. The right types of air purifier would work with your HVAC system to clean up all the airborne particles in the home.
It will tackle all the allergens that may trigger asthma or allergic reactions. However, before you just go out to pick any purifier, let’s take a look at the different types of air purifiers in order to help your decision.
HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Air) Filters Air Purifiers
This is the most common type of air filter. This filter is simply made from foam, fiberglass, cotton, or another particle-trapping material. The basic air purifier works very simply. It forces the air through the filters either through the HVAC system or by itself. As the air passes through the filter, different particles get trapped. You may have to replace your filter regularly as they get clogged with different contaminants. To determine how powerful your air filter is, take a look at the MERV rating.
The higher the MERV rating, the more effective the filter becomes. Basic air purifiers that make use of HEPA filters are the best but you may need to make use of an HVAC system compatible with HEPA.
Do you know HEPA filter can trap 99.9% of air particles, want to know how? Read our article on HEPA Filter and it’s working mechanism.
Air purifiers with Ionizers and Ozone Generators
These air purifiers have been grouped in the same category. Both air purifier types may release different substances but they have a very similar working mechanism. The air purifiers either produce ions or ozone. Both ions and ozone are charged particles. Particles found in the air are known to have a neutral charge, so when they come close to these ions or ozone particles, they get charged too.
The inducted charge makes these particles stick to the different surface in the room or makes them fall to the floor. In this state, they are harmless to the respiratory system.
Take note that if you have any respiratory health conditions, your lungs may become irritated by the presence of ozone in the air. Make use of other purifiers if you belong to this category.
Air Purifier with Electrostatic Filters
This air purifiers are also similar to ionizers and ozone generators but with a twist. Just like ionizers and ozone generators, they charge the airborne particles. As soon as the particles become charged, the air purifier would keep them from falling to the ground by collecting them into the machine.
You can easily remove the collecting plate of most of these models and wash them before they are reduced. Electrostatic filters are also known to produce ozone. Carrier’s Infinity Air Purifier GAPA makes use of electrostatic charges to eliminate all the particles, microbes and mold spores are trapped within its filter.
Air Purifier with Activated Carbon Filters
Most carbon air filters are often found working with another type of air purifier. The porous carbon is designed into an activated carbon filter which removes all the gases and odor that pass through it.
Certain grades of activated carbon filters are strong enough to deal with volatile organic compounds. Some of these large particles can also be trapped in the pores of this filter.
However, the filter isn’t quite effective at trapping the very small particle. As soon as you notice that you have a problem with smells and odors in your home, an activated carbon filter can be a very good solution.
Are Air Purifiers with UV Lights
Air purifiers that make use of UV lights are capable of killing germs and microorganisms. Any air purifier which makes use of a UV light can deal with microbes and even viruses. You can get a UV light installed in your HVAC system. However, you can just simply get an air purifier that has a UV light to deal with all the germs in the air. However, UV light is not a substitute for good hygiene as some particles may escape the UV light.
The different air purifiers around the world offer users something different. Some of the air purifiers make use of filters while some produce ozone and charges. Look out for an air purifier which suits you best. You can even consider pairing the different choices of air purifiers.